July 2007


Kwa maoni yangu, kuna mashirika machache yasiyo ya serikali ambayo yanajitahidi kuleta mawazo mapya na vitendo vipya hapa Tanzania. Na HakiElimu ni mojawapo. Wamesema mambo mengi ya ukweli mpaka walipigwa marufuku….. Heshima kwao. Wapo kwenye mstari wa mbele katika kulinda haki za wananchi na kutuhamasisha.

Lakini, hivi karibuni, karibu kila mara mimi huwasha luninga yangu, huona nembo yao. “The Week in Perspective” kwenye TVT, “City Sounds” kwenye EATV, “Kipima Joto” cha ITV, kipindi kile kipya cha kutoka Dodoma kwenye TVT, juma mosi mchana….. nembo yao inaonekana karibu kila siku.

Nilitembelea tovuti yao kupata maelezo zaidi, nikapata taarifa yao ya 2005, ambaye inapatikana hapa. Nilishangaa kujua kiasi HakiElimu inashawishi vyombo vya habari. Kwa mwaka 2005, walifadhili zaidi ya taarifa 200 kwenye magazeti, luninga na redio. Pamoja na hizo, walifadhili “Sema Usikike” (ITV), “Mgongano wa Mawazo” (ITV), “Elimu Maalum” (RTD) na “Sauti ya Watu” (TVT).

Upande wa kazi yao kwa vyombo vya habari, lengo la HakiElimu ni

The voices of ordinary people regarding education and democracy are investigated and independently reported, and this has led to greater awareness, accountability and public action.

Mimi nakubaliana na lengo hili kw asilimia mia moja. Pia, nimefurahi kuwa HakiElimu wanajitahidi kutusogeza mbele. Wasiwasi wangu ni kwamba, athari yao kwa vyombo vya habari ni kubwa sana mpaka itawezekana kupunguza uhuru wa vyombo vya habari na siyo kujenga uhuru wake. Demokrasia na uhuru wa ukweli unategemea sauti mbalimbali na maoni tofauti. Naogopa kuwa sekta ya uandishi wa habari hapa Tanzania unategemea sana wafadhili kutoka nje, kama serikali na ile sekta ya “NGOs”.

Tusisahau kuwa karibu fedha zote za HakiElimu zinatoka mashirika ya kimataifa yasiyo ya serikali na serikali za nchi za nje. Ili kupata hela, kwanza inabidi wawashawishi wafadhili hawa na kukubaliana na malengo ya wafadhili. Na waandishi wa habari, je? Ili kupata hela, kwanaza inabidi wawashawishi mashirika kama HakiElimu kuwa wanakubaliana na malengo yao. Na katika uhusiano wa kimataifa (hata katika maisha kwa ujumla) matajiri wana ushawishi mkubwa zaidi kuliko wanyonge.

Je wakati wa ukoloni tulikuwa na vyombo huru vya habari? Je, wakati wa Nyerere, tulikuwa na vyombo huru vya habari? Siku hizi, je, tunasikia sauti za nani?

Pew Global Attitudes Project ni mradi ambao unajitahidi kupima mitazamo ya watu duniani kuhusu mambo mbalimbali. Ukitembelea tovuti yao, inaonekana kuwa lengo lake ni kufahamisha viongozi wa siasa wa Amerika mitazamo ya nchi mbalimbali duniani.

Mwezi huu, walitoa matokeo ya utafiti wao wa mwaka huu wa nchi 47, Tanzania ni mojawapo. Ukitaka kuelewa zaidi mradi huu, bonyeza hapa (pia utapata nafasi ya kupata nakala yako kwa download). Kuna mambo mengi ya kutafakari humu ndani. Nachukua fursa hii kuwaonyesha wasomaji wapendwa matokeo machache kuhusu mitazamo ya wananchi wa Tanzania. Matokeo mengi zaidi yanapatikana kwenye ripoti.

Asilimia ya wananchi ambao wamefurahia …

Maisha yao: 10%    Hali ya taifa: 46%    Serikali kuu: 86%

Asilimia ya wananchi ambao wanadhani kuwa maisha ya watoto wao yatakuwa…..

Mabaya zaidi: 47%    Bora zaidi: 36%   Sawa sawa: 9%  

Asilimia ya wananchi ambao wanaona kuwa taasisi yafuatayo yanaleta ushawishi mzuri kwa maendeleo ya taifa….

Viongozi: 95%    Jeshi: 85%    Vyombo vya habari: 86%

Asilimia ya wananchi ambao wanasema kuwa inahitajika watoe rushwa kupata hudumu za serikali….

Mara kwa mara: 14%    Mara chache: 13%    Kamwe: 70%

Asilimia ya wananchi ambao wanadhani kuwa rushwa kwa viongozi ni tatizo kubwa….

68%

Asilimia ya wananchi ambao wanadhani kuwa nchi tajiri zinataka kusaidia Afrika iendelee…

59%

Nimechoka na mambo ya uwajibikaji. Nilitaka kuandika chochote kuhusu muziki. Lakini jana nilisoma Ndesanjo Macha na changomoto yake kuhusu ukombozi wa Afrika. Bonyeza hapa. Mambo mengi ya kufikiria.

Leo nimebahatika kusoma mahojiano ya Femi Kuti kwa LA Weekly. Bonyeza hapa ukitaka kusoma maneno yake (kwa njia ya Ethan Zuckerman).

Ukiwepo Los Angeles Ijumaa ijayo, usikose kuhudhuria shoo yake. Nilihudhuria mara moja Ulaya nikacheza mpaka basi…..

Incentive is a basic concept in economics, and indeed in life. Incentives can be negative or positive. Reaching your sales targets, if you are a vodacom sales manager, may lead to a bonus. Favouring a particular supplier in return for a ten percent kickback may lead to loss of your job (assuming you are caught – it is so common).

So how do incentives operate in the relationship between Tanzania and its donors? With the last post, we saw that the IMF was happy to recommend that the final tranche of the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (worth over two million Special Drawing Rights) be paid despite the, ahem, “alleged impropriety” of up to USD250 million going missing from the External Arrears Account of the Bank of Tanzania.

Similarly, the government of Norway recently announced that it would release TZS50 Billion in Direct Budget Support direct to the Tanzanian treasury. This equates to just under USD40 million or 225,000 Norwegian Kroner. This is about 35 percent greater than the amount they committed to giving in October of last year.

So, you make a certain commitment to support the Tanzanian government. You then discover that there is likely to have been theft of Tanzanian people’s money on a grand scale by officials of that same government, and the results of the promised inquiry are a long way away. You then decide to go ahead with your donation, and increase it by 35 percent. You then say

The disbursement was contingent upon Tanzania’s observation of the underlying principles of the agreement between Norway and Tanzania. The fundamental principles include good governance, fight against corruption, democracy, macroeconomic stability, and commitment to implementation of Mkukuta

Contingent on the fight against corruption?

Sikutaka kuandika chochote kuhusu skendo ya Benki Kuu ya Tanzania inayohusu “external arrears payments”. Mambo mengi yameshaandikwa.

Juzi nilitembelea tovuti ya IMF kwa ajili ya kujua maoni yao kuhusu Benki Kuu na skendo hiyo. Ukibonyeza hapa, utapata nakala yako ya IMF Country Report No. 07/138: karatasi tisini na saba. Hii ni ripoti ya mwisho ya Poverty Reduction Growth Facility na Policy Support Instrument ya miaka mitatu ijayo. Napendekeza usome. Kuna mambo mengi ndani.

Kusema ukweli, nilishtushwa na ripoti hiyo. Bila shaka wananchi wa Tanzania wamesikitika sana na allegations kuhusu Benki Kuu. Wanaomba uwajibikaji. Je, vyombo vya fedha vya kimataifa vinasemaje? Kwanza, inaonekana kuwa wanaona mambo haya kuwa muhimu, lakini kiasi tu, siyo sana.

Nilishangaa zaidi mahusiano kati ya maafisa ya IMF na wenzao kwa Benki Kuu ya Tanzania. Ripoti hiyo ya IMF, inatueleza nini? Yaani, nani husimamia wasimamizi?

Kwa kweli, akina-IMF hawana mengi ya kusema. Hamna cha kusema mpaka kufikia ukarasa 81 ya 97. Wafanyakazi wa IMF, wanatuambia kuwa walipata taarifa ya “an alleged impropriety” baada ya kumaliza ripoti yao ya mwisho kuhusu PRGF.

Following issuance of the staff report for Tanzania’s sixth and final PRGF review, and request for a three year PSI, the staff learned of an alleged impropriety involving payments to a third party by the BoT. The allegation raised questions regarding program implementation, capacity to repay the Fund, and the consistency of the BoT’s practices with the Fund’s safeguard’s policy, including the BoT’s own commitments following the December 2003 Safeguards Assessment. The alleged impropriety has also given rise to reputational risks for both the fund and the BoT. As a result, Board consideration of the report, scheduled for December 6, was postponed and the PRGF was extended to mid-August 2007 to all the staff additional time to seek from the authorities (i)clarification of the nature of the alleged impropriety; and (ii) reasonable assurances that no systemic problem exists that give rise to safeguards concerns. The staff has also reached understanding on the adoption of remedial actions.

Mambo haya ya malipo yasiyo sahihi, yalichunguzwa na audit firm moja, ambayo, ilifukuzwa na serikali baada ya kueleza mambo haya kwa IMF. Baada ya hapo, tunaambiwa kuwa IMF iliwasiliana na serikali ya Tanzania, mpaka Ikulu. Inaonekana kuwa IMF walikubali maelezo yote ya serikali.

“Remedial actions” hizo, zinaelezwa zaidi ndani ya barua kutoka Mh Zakia Hamdani Meghji, Waziri wa Fedha kwa Mkurugenzi wa IMF, Rodrigo de Rato ya tarehe 8 Februari 2007. Kwa ufupi, serikali inaamini kuwa skendo ni “an isolated occurence”, wameanza uchunguzi wao, na pia, watapata audit firm kutoka nje kuchunguza zaidi.

Mambo haya tunayafahamu, lakini, nilishtushwa zaidi kusoma Statement by Peter Gakunu, Executive Director for United Republic of Tanzania and Joseph L. Masawe, Senior Advisor to the Executive Director”, ambayo ni appendix kwenye ripoti hiyo ya IMF.

Gakunu na Masawe wanatuambia kuwa

Without prejudging the outcome of the audit, my authorities believe that this is an isolated incident and do [sic] not pose reputational or safeguard risks at the BOT. The BOT has been the first institution in Tanzania to become IFRS compliant and remains so.

Yaani, bila kusibiri matokeo ya uchunguzi, wanataka kutoa maoni yao kuwa mambo yanaendelea vizuri.

Mwishoni, Gakunu na Masawe ni akinanani? Gakunu yupo IMF, baada ya kuwa afisa wa ngazi ya juu katika Wizara wa Fedha ya Kenya. Na Masawe? Yupo IMF pia. Kabla ya kuanza kwa IMF, alikuwa Deputy Director wa Bank of Tanzania – akiwajibika kwa na Daudi Balali, Gavana wa Benki Kuu ya Tanzania.

 

Soma mahojiano ya Chinua Achebe hapa kwa Guardian Unlimited. Kama kawaida, mzee hutupa mambo ya kutafakari.

Juzi  juzi, nilishtushwa na Mwandani. Alitufahamisha kuhusu uwekezaji wa Anglican Church ya Uingereza kwenye kampuni mbili za China ambazo wapo bize kufaidi mafuta pale Sudan. Bonyeza hapa, Mwandani akuelezee vizuri zaidi. Alitupa changamoto nzuri ya kutafakari kabla ya kutoa sadaka kanisani. Tukiwekeza Sudan, je, tunasaidia Janjaweed pale Darfur?

Leo, nilishtuka zaidi. Nilikuwa kusoma The Citizen ya leo – (haipatikani kwenye mtandao – Aga Khan, unasubiri nini?). The Citizen ni gazeti ambalo lipo chini ya Mwananchi Communications. Nilisoma mambo haya yafuatayo:

 Tanzania and Sudan yesterday signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) that aims to strengthen business ties between them. 

The MoU was signed in Dar es Salaam by Tanzania’s Board of External Trade (BET) director General, Mr. Ramadhan Khalfan, and the technical and administration affairs manager of the Sudanese Free Zones and Markets Company, Mr. Abdi Hamid. …………. Initiators say, the MoU will help create business linkages among business enterprises in the two countries. “It will help generate new trade opportunities, investment flows, networking, exchange of information and organising training programmes,” said Mr. Khalfan.

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