corruption


Je, umeshasoma ripoti ya Mwakyembe? Si unajua jinsi viongozi walivyokula? Dakika arobaini zilizopita, wabunge walikubali uteuzi wa Mizengo Pinda, Mbunge wa Mpanda Mashariki, kama Waziri Mkuu. Walimsifia. Walimpa moyo. Aliwashukuruu. Sitta alifunga kikao kwa mtindo wake. Lakini kumbe, alipewa karatasi kutoka kwa mmoja wao. Mbunge huyo alikuwa na swali….. “je, sherehe ya kumpongeza Waziri Mkuu itafanyika lini?”

Kashfa ya siku hizi ilielekea kuvunja siasa yetu. Mbunge huyo anafikiria nini? Chakula tu!

“Utawala bora unalipa.” Haya ndiyo maneno ya Bw. Bertie Ahern, Waziri Mkuu wa Ireland, kwenye hotuba yake kwa wananchi wa Ireland ambao wanaishi hapa Tanzania. Soma hotuba nzima kwa kubonyeza hapa.

Pia, kwenye hotuba hiyo aliwasimulia wageni kuhusu mkutano wake na Rais Kikwete.

I commended the President for the very strong statements he has made on the need to tackle corruption. He acted decisively, openly and publicly following the recent independent international audit on the Bank of Tanzania.

His message to the people of Tanzania, to fellow African countries and to the wider international community is clear: Corruption has no place in a democratic society.

Lakini Bw. Bertie alisahau kuwaambia kuwa wapinzani pale Ireland wamedai kuwa yeye hastahili kuwa Waziri Mkuu kwa sababu chombo kimoja cha dola kinamchunguza kwa kutolipa kodi ya mapato wakati alipokuwa Waziri wa…………. Fedha.

Chanzo cha uchunguzi huo ni uchunguzi mwingine unaohusu mipango ya ardhi. Uchunguzi, unaojulikana kama Mahon Tribunal, umegundua kuwa Bw. Bertie alipokea malipo ya thamani ya zaidi ya Euro60,000 kutoka kwa wafanyabiashara mbalimbali kati ya mwaka 1993-94. Bertie ameshindwa kueleza kwanini walimpa pesa kiasi hicho wakati alikuwa Waziri wa Fedha.  Sasa mamlaka ya kodi ya Ireland wanamchunguza pia kujua kwanini hakulipa kodi ya mapato kwenye malipo hayo. Maelezo zaidi yanapatikana hapa.

Zaidi ya hapo, Bw. Bertie alifagilia umuhimu wa uhuru wa vyombo vya habari alipozungumza na wahariri wa magazeti mbalimbali ya Tanzania. Lakini nilishangaa Bw. Bertie alikataa kujibu swali lolote kuhusu madai ya wapinzani wake wakati wa ziara yake.

Mbona wafadhili wanatufundisha mambo ya utawala bora wakati wao wenyewe wanachunguzwa?

Baada ya kununua kiwanja cha mtu, inabidi ubadalishe jina kwenye hati. Hatua ya kwanza ni afisa wa serikali akadirie thamani ya ardhi. Kodi ya mauzo inategemea na thamani hiyo. Bila taarifa ya thamani ya ardhi, haiwezekani kubadalisha majina kwenye hati. Bila kubadalisha majina, haiwezekani kupata kibali cha ujenzi. Bila ujenzi, hamna nyumba. Safari ni ndefu.

Kiasi gani kinahitajika kukadiria ardhi? Maelewano yapo……. tulitoa TZS100,000, risiti iliandikwa kwa TZS2,000.

Hii ni hatua ya kwanza. Mambo yataendelea.

Professa Issa Shivji ametoa mawazo yake juu ya kisa cha Zitto Kabwe na ulinzi wa maliasili yetu. Mjengwa ameshaitangaza kwake. Soma, fikiria, utafaidi….

The suspension of Honourable Zitto Kabwe from parliament is not simply an episode. It is a beginning of an epitath on the last twenty years of reckless privatisation and exploitation of national wealth and resources. The suspension was an occasion for the people to give vent to their accumulated grievances, problems, and frustrations.

Two decades of neo-liberal reforms has produced a deeply divided society and an utterly fractured politics. At one pole, there is a small group of filthy rich (walalaheri), who have used all means, fair and foul, to accumulate wealth. At the other pole, are the large majority of the wretched poor (walalahoi), who are desperately trying to keep body and soul together. Under Mwalimu, the ratio between the highest and the lowest wage/salary income earners was something like 1 to 8. The current one is 1 to 50, and that is an underestimate because it does not take into account unofficial, informal, and unaccounted incomes. (more…)

Incentive is a basic concept in economics, and indeed in life. Incentives can be negative or positive. Reaching your sales targets, if you are a vodacom sales manager, may lead to a bonus. Favouring a particular supplier in return for a ten percent kickback may lead to loss of your job (assuming you are caught – it is so common).

So how do incentives operate in the relationship between Tanzania and its donors? With the last post, we saw that the IMF was happy to recommend that the final tranche of the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (worth over two million Special Drawing Rights) be paid despite the, ahem, “alleged impropriety” of up to USD250 million going missing from the External Arrears Account of the Bank of Tanzania.

Similarly, the government of Norway recently announced that it would release TZS50 Billion in Direct Budget Support direct to the Tanzanian treasury. This equates to just under USD40 million or 225,000 Norwegian Kroner. This is about 35 percent greater than the amount they committed to giving in October of last year.

So, you make a certain commitment to support the Tanzanian government. You then discover that there is likely to have been theft of Tanzanian people’s money on a grand scale by officials of that same government, and the results of the promised inquiry are a long way away. You then decide to go ahead with your donation, and increase it by 35 percent. You then say

The disbursement was contingent upon Tanzania’s observation of the underlying principles of the agreement between Norway and Tanzania. The fundamental principles include good governance, fight against corruption, democracy, macroeconomic stability, and commitment to implementation of Mkukuta

Contingent on the fight against corruption?

Sikutaka kuandika chochote kuhusu skendo ya Benki Kuu ya Tanzania inayohusu “external arrears payments”. Mambo mengi yameshaandikwa.

Juzi nilitembelea tovuti ya IMF kwa ajili ya kujua maoni yao kuhusu Benki Kuu na skendo hiyo. Ukibonyeza hapa, utapata nakala yako ya IMF Country Report No. 07/138: karatasi tisini na saba. Hii ni ripoti ya mwisho ya Poverty Reduction Growth Facility na Policy Support Instrument ya miaka mitatu ijayo. Napendekeza usome. Kuna mambo mengi ndani.

Kusema ukweli, nilishtushwa na ripoti hiyo. Bila shaka wananchi wa Tanzania wamesikitika sana na allegations kuhusu Benki Kuu. Wanaomba uwajibikaji. Je, vyombo vya fedha vya kimataifa vinasemaje? Kwanza, inaonekana kuwa wanaona mambo haya kuwa muhimu, lakini kiasi tu, siyo sana.

Nilishangaa zaidi mahusiano kati ya maafisa ya IMF na wenzao kwa Benki Kuu ya Tanzania. Ripoti hiyo ya IMF, inatueleza nini? Yaani, nani husimamia wasimamizi?

Kwa kweli, akina-IMF hawana mengi ya kusema. Hamna cha kusema mpaka kufikia ukarasa 81 ya 97. Wafanyakazi wa IMF, wanatuambia kuwa walipata taarifa ya “an alleged impropriety” baada ya kumaliza ripoti yao ya mwisho kuhusu PRGF.

Following issuance of the staff report for Tanzania’s sixth and final PRGF review, and request for a three year PSI, the staff learned of an alleged impropriety involving payments to a third party by the BoT. The allegation raised questions regarding program implementation, capacity to repay the Fund, and the consistency of the BoT’s practices with the Fund’s safeguard’s policy, including the BoT’s own commitments following the December 2003 Safeguards Assessment. The alleged impropriety has also given rise to reputational risks for both the fund and the BoT. As a result, Board consideration of the report, scheduled for December 6, was postponed and the PRGF was extended to mid-August 2007 to all the staff additional time to seek from the authorities (i)clarification of the nature of the alleged impropriety; and (ii) reasonable assurances that no systemic problem exists that give rise to safeguards concerns. The staff has also reached understanding on the adoption of remedial actions.

Mambo haya ya malipo yasiyo sahihi, yalichunguzwa na audit firm moja, ambayo, ilifukuzwa na serikali baada ya kueleza mambo haya kwa IMF. Baada ya hapo, tunaambiwa kuwa IMF iliwasiliana na serikali ya Tanzania, mpaka Ikulu. Inaonekana kuwa IMF walikubali maelezo yote ya serikali.

“Remedial actions” hizo, zinaelezwa zaidi ndani ya barua kutoka Mh Zakia Hamdani Meghji, Waziri wa Fedha kwa Mkurugenzi wa IMF, Rodrigo de Rato ya tarehe 8 Februari 2007. Kwa ufupi, serikali inaamini kuwa skendo ni “an isolated occurence”, wameanza uchunguzi wao, na pia, watapata audit firm kutoka nje kuchunguza zaidi.

Mambo haya tunayafahamu, lakini, nilishtushwa zaidi kusoma Statement by Peter Gakunu, Executive Director for United Republic of Tanzania and Joseph L. Masawe, Senior Advisor to the Executive Director”, ambayo ni appendix kwenye ripoti hiyo ya IMF.

Gakunu na Masawe wanatuambia kuwa

Without prejudging the outcome of the audit, my authorities believe that this is an isolated incident and do [sic] not pose reputational or safeguard risks at the BOT. The BOT has been the first institution in Tanzania to become IFRS compliant and remains so.

Yaani, bila kusibiri matokeo ya uchunguzi, wanataka kutoa maoni yao kuwa mambo yanaendelea vizuri.

Mwishoni, Gakunu na Masawe ni akinanani? Gakunu yupo IMF, baada ya kuwa afisa wa ngazi ya juu katika Wizara wa Fedha ya Kenya. Na Masawe? Yupo IMF pia. Kabla ya kuanza kwa IMF, alikuwa Deputy Director wa Bank of Tanzania – akiwajibika kwa na Daudi Balali, Gavana wa Benki Kuu ya Tanzania.

 

How can people demand accountability of their government? How will the internet affect this? Will the internet allow the diaspora to become actively involved in decision making in Tanzania? These are questions indirectly raised by this open letter to President Jakaya Kikwete posted by Issa Michuzi yesterday. It concerns the granting of sole rights of vehicle inspection by the Tanzania Bureau of Standards to a company in the UK for vehicles being exported to Tanzania.

The letter appears to have originated from the Tanzanian community in the UK. Naturally enough, it makes its plea in the framework of policies and procedures of the Tanzanian government. More interestingly, it also uses UK government regulations to back up its case. A translation can be read below. (more…)